Friday, March 04, 2005

Rights of Non-Muslims

Rights of Non-Muslims in anIslamic State
By
Samuel Shahid
FOREWORD
Recently a few books have been written about the rights of non-Muslims who are subjugated to the rule of the Islamic law. Most of these books presented the Islamic view in a favorable fashion, without unveiling the negative facet inherited in these laws.
This brief study attempts to examine these laws as they are stated by the Four Schools of the Fiqh (jurisprudence). It aims at revealing to the reader the negative implications of these laws without ignoring the more tolerant views of modern reformers.
Our ardent hope that this study will reveal to our readers the bare truth in its both positive and negative facets.
S.S.
Concept of "Islamic State"
"An Islamic state is essentially an ideological state, and is thus radically different from a national state." This statement made by Mawdudi lays the basic foundation for the political, economical, social, and religious system of all Islamic countries which impose the Islamic law. This ideological system intentionally discriminates between people according to their religious affiliations. Mawdudi, a prominent Pakistani Muslim scholar, summarizes the basic differences between Islamic and secular states as follows:
1)
An Islamic state is ideological. People who reside in it are divided into Muslims, who believe in its ideology and non-Muslims who do not believe.
2)
Responsibility for policy and administration of such a state "should rest primarily with those who believe in the Islamic ideology." Non-Muslims, therefore, cannot be asked to undertake or be entrusted with the responsibility of policymaking.
3)
An Islamic state is bound to distinguish (i.e. discriminates) between Muslims and non-Muslims. However the Islamic law "Shari`a" guarantees to non-Muslims "certain specifically stated rights beyond which they are not permitted to meddle in the affairs of the state because they do not subscribe to its ideology." Once they embrace the Islamic faith, they "become equal participants in all matters concerning the state and the government."
The above view is the representative of the Hanifites, one of the four Islamic schools of jurisprudence. The other three schools are the Malikites, the Hanbilites (the strictest and the most fundamentalist of all), and the Shafi`ites. All four schools agree dogmatically on the basic creeds of Islam but differ in their interpretations of Islamic law which is derived from four sources:
a)
Qur'an (read or recite): The sacred book of Muslim community containing direct quotes from Allah as allegedly dictated by Gabriel.
b)
Hadith (narrative): The collections of Islamic traditions including sayings and deeds of Muhammad as heard by his contemporaries, first, second, and third hand.
c)
Al-Qiyas (analogy or comparison): The legal decision drawn by Islamic Jurists based on precedent cases.
d)
Ijma' (consensus): The interpretations of Islamic laws handed down by the consensus of reputed Muslim scholars in a certain country.
Textual laws prescribed in the Qur'an are few. The door is left wide open for prominent scholars versed in the Qur'an, the Hadith, and other Islamic discipline to present their Fatwa (legal opinion) as we shall see later.
Classification of Non-Muslims:
In his article, "The Ordinances of the People of the Covenant and the Minorities in an Islamic State," Sheikh Najih Ibrahim Ibn Abdullah remarks that legists classify non-Muslims or infidels into two categories: Dar-ul-Harb or the household of War, which refers to non-Muslims who are not bound by a peace treaty, or covenant, and whose blood and property are not protected by the law of vendetta or retaliation; and Dar-us-Salam or the household of Peace, which refers to those who fall into three classifications:
1)
Zimmis (those in custody) are non-Muslim subjects who live in Muslim countries and agree to pay the Jizya (tribute) in exchange for protection and safety, and to be subject to Islamic law. These enjoy a permanent covenant.
2)
People of the Hudna (truce) are those who sign a peace treaty with Muslims after being defeated in war. They agree to reside in their own land, yet to be subject to the legal jurisprudence of Islam like Zimmis, provided they do not wage war against Muslims.
3)
Musta'min (protected one) are persons who come to an Islamic country as messengers, merchants, visitors, or student wanting to learn about Islam. A Musta'min should not wage war against Muslims and he is not obliged to pay Jizya, but he would be urged to embrace Islam. If a Musta'min does not accept Islam, he is allowed to return safely to his own country. Muslims are forbidden to hurt him in any way. When he is back in his own homeland, he is treated as one who belongs to the Household of War.
This study will focus on the laws pertaining to Zimmis.
Islamic Law and Zimmis
Muslim Muftis (legal authorities) agree that the contract of the Zimmis should be offered primarily to the People of the Book, that is, Christians and Jews, then to the Magis or Zoroastrians. However, they disagree on whether any contract should be signed with other groups such as communists or atheists. The Hanbalites and the Shafi`ites believe that no contract should be made with the ungodly or those who do not believe in the supreme God. Hanifites and Malikites affirm that the Jizya may be accepted from all infidels regardless of their beliefs and faith in God. Abu Hanifa, however, did not want pagan Arabs to have this option because they are the people of the Prophet. They. must be given only two options: accept Islam or be killed.
The Jizya (tribute)
Jizya literally means penalty. It is a protection tax levied on non-Muslims living under Islamic regimes, confirming their legal status. Mawdudi states that "the acceptance of the Jizya establishes the sanctity of their lives and property, and thereafter neither the Islamic state, nor the Muslim public have any right to violate their property, honor or liberty." Paying the Jizya is a symbol of humiliation and submission because Zimmis are not regarded as citizens of the Islamic state although they are, in most cases, natives to the country.
Such an attitude alienates the Zimmis from being an essential part of the community. How can a Zimmi feel at home in his own land, among his own people, and with his own government, when he knows that the Jizya, which he pays, is a symbol of humiliation and submission? In his book The Islamic Law Pertaining to non-Muslims, Sheikh `Abdulla Mustafa Al-Muraghi indicates that the. Jizya can only be exempted from the Zimmi who becomes a Muslim or dies. The Shafi`i reiterates that the Jizya is not automatically put aside when the Zimmi embraces Islam. Exemption from the Jizya has become an incentive to encourage Zimmis to relinquish their faith and embrace Islam.
Sheik Najih Ibrahim Ibn Abdulla summarizes the purpose of the Jizya. He says, quoting Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, that the Jizya is enacted:
"...to spare the blood (of the Zimmis), to be a symbol of humiliation of the infidels and as an insult and punishment to them, and as the Shafi`ites indicate, the Jizya is offered in exchange for residing in an Islamic country." Thus Ibn Qayyim adds, "Since the entire religion belongs to God, it aims at humiliating ungodliness and its followers, and insulting them. Imposing the Jizya on the followers of ungodliness and oppressing them is required by God's religion. The Qur'anic text hints at this meaning when it says: `until they give the tribute by force with humiliation.' (Qur'an 9:29). What contradicts this is leaving the infidels to enjoy their might and practice their religion as they wish so that they would have power and authority."

Zimmis and Religious Practices
Muslims believe that the Zimmis are Mushrikun (polytheists) for they see the belief in the Trinity as belief in three gods. Islam is the only true religion, they claim. Therefore, to protect Muslims from corruption, especially against the unforgivable sin of shirk (polytheism), its practice is forbidden among Muslims, because it is considered the greatest abomination. When Christians practice it publicly, it becomes an enticement and exhortation to apostasy. It is significant here to notice that according to Muraghi, Zimmis and infidels are polytheists and therefore, must have the same treatment.
According to Muslim jurists, the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis (Christians and Jews alike) who reside among Muslims:
1)
Zimmis are not allowed to build new churches, temples, or synagogues. They are allowed to renovate old churches or houses of worship provided they do not allow to add any new construction. "Old churches" are those which existed prior to Islamic conquests and are included in a peace accord by Muslims. Construction of any church, temple, or synagogue in the Arab Peninsula (Saudi Arabia) is prohibited. It is the land of the Prophet and only Islam should prevail there. Yet, Muslims, if they wish, are permitted to demolish all non-Muslim houses of worship in any land they conquer.
2)
Zimmis are not allowed to pray or read their sacred books out loud at home or in churches, lest Muslims hear their prayers.
3)
Zimmis are not allowed to print their religious books or sell them in public places and markets. They are allowed to publish and sell them among their own people, in their churches and temples.
4)
Zimmis are not allowed to install the cross on their houses or churches since it is a symbol of infidelity.
5)
Zimmis are not permitted to broadcast or display their ceremonial religious rituals on radio or television or to use the media or to publish any picture of their religious ceremonies in newspaper and magazines.
6)
Zimmis are not allowed to congregate in the streets during their religious festivals; rather, each must quietly make his way to his church or temple.
7)
Zimmis are not allowed to join the army unless there is indispensable need for them in which case they are not allowed to assume leadership positions but are considered mercenaries.
Mawdudi, who is a Hanifite, expresses a more generous opinion toward Christians. He said:
"In their own towns and cities they are allowed to do so (practice their religion) with the fullest freedom. In purely Muslim areas, however, an Islamic government has full discretion to put such restrictions on their practices as it deems necessary."
Apostasy in Islam
Apostasy means rejection of the religion of Islam either by action or the word of the mouth. "The act of apostasy, thus, put an end to one's adherence to Islam." when one rejects the fundamental creeds of Islam, he rejects the faith, and this is an act of apostasy such an act is a grave sin in Islam. The Qur'an indicates,
"How shall Allah guide those who reject faith after they accepted it and bore witness that the Apostle was true and the clear sign had come unto them. But Allah guides not the people of unjust of such the reward is that on them rests the curse of Allah, of His angels and of all mankind in that will they dwell; nor will their penalty be lightened, nor respite be their lot, except for those that repent after that and make amends; for verily Allah is Oft-forging, Most Merciful (Qur'an 3:86-89).
Officially, Islamic law requires Muslims not to force Zimmis to embrace Islam. It is the duty of every Muslim, they hold, to manifest the virtues of Islam so that those who are non-Muslims will convert willingly after discovering its greatness and truth. Once a person becomes a Muslim, he cannot recant. If he does, he will be warned first, then he will be given three days to reconsider and repent. If he persists in his apostasy, his wife is required to divorce him, his property is confiscated, and his children are taken away from him. He is not allowed to remarry. Instead, he should be taken to court and sentenced to death. If he repents, he may return to his wife and children or remarry. According to the Hanifites an apostate female is not allowed to get married. She must spend time in meditation in order to return to Islam. If she does not repent or recant, she will not be sentenced to death, but she is to be persecuted, beaten and jailed until she dies. Other schools of Shari`a demand her death. The above punishment is prescribed in a Hadith recorded by the Bukhari: "It is reported by `Abaas ... that the messenger of Allah ... said, `Whosoever changes his religion (from Islam to any other faith), kill him."
In his book Shari`ah: The Islamic Law, Doi remarks, "The punishment by death in the case of Apostasy has been unanimously agreed upon by all the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence."
A non-Muslim wishing to become a Muslim is encouraged to do so and anyone, even a father or a mother, who attempts to stop him, may be punished. However, anyone who makes an effort to proselytize a Muslim to any other faith may face punishment.
Civic Laws
Zimmis and Muslims are subject to the same civic laws. They are to be treated alike in matters of honor, theft, adultery, murder, and damaging property. They have to be punished in accordance with the Islamic law regardless of their religious affiliation. Zimmis and Muslims alike are subject to Islamic laws in matters of civic business, financial transactions such as sales, leases, firms, establishment of companies, farms, securities, mortgages, and contracts. For instance, theft is punishable by cutting off the thief's hand whether he is a Muslim or a Christian. But when it comes to privileges, the Zimmis do not enjoy the same treatment. For instance, Zimmis are not issued licenses to carry weapons.
Marriage and Children
A Muslim male can marry a Zimmi girl, but a Zimmi man is not allowed to marry a Muslim girl. If a woman embraces Islam and wants to get married, her non-Muslim father does not have the authority to give her away to her bridegroom. She must be given away by a Muslim guardian.
If one parent is a Muslim, children must be raised as Muslims. If the father is a Zimmi and his wife converts to Islam, she must get a divorce; then she will have the right of custody of her child. Some fundamentalist schools indicate that a Muslim husband has the right to confine his Zimmi wife to her home and restrain her from going to her own house of worship.
Capital Punishment
The Hanifites believe that both Zimmis and Muslims must suffer the same Penalty for similar crimes. If a Muslim kills a Zimmi intentionally, he must be killed in return. The same applies to a Christian who kills a Muslim. But other schools of Law have different interpretations of Islamic law. The Shafi`ites declare that a Muslim who assassinates a Zimmi must not be killed, because it is not reasonable to equate a Muslim with a polytheist (Mushrik). In such a case, blood price must be paid. The penalty depends on the school of law adopted by the particular Islamic country where the crime or offense is committed. This illustrates the implication of different interpretations of the Islamic law based on the Hadith.
Each school attempts to document its legal opinion by referring to the Hadith or to an incident experienced by the Prophet or the "rightly guided" Caliphs.
The Witness of Zimmis
Zimmis cannot testify against Muslims. They can only testify against other Zimmis or Musta'min. Their oaths are not considered valid in an Islamic court. According to the Shari`a, a Zimmi is not even qualified to be under oath. Muraghi states bluntly, "The testimony of a Zimmi is not accepted because Allah - may He be exalted - said: `God will not let the infidels (kafir) have an upper hand over the believers'." A Zimmi, regarded as an infidel, cannot testify against any Muslim regardless of his moral credibility. If a Zimmi has falsely accused another Zimmi and was once punished, his credibility and integrity is tarnished and his testimony is no longer acceptable. One serious implication of this is that if one Muslim has committed a serious offense against another, witnessed by Zimmis only, the court will have difficulty deciding the case since the testimonies of Zimmis are not acceptable. Yet, this same Zimmi whose integrity is blemished, if he converts to Islam, will have his testimony accepted against the Zimmis and Muslims alike, because according to the Shari`a, "By embracing Islam he has gained a new credibility which would enable him to witness..." All he has to do is to utter the Islamic confession of faith before witnesses, and that will elevate him from being an outcast to being a respected Muslim enjoying all the privileges of a devout Muslim.
Personal Law
On personal matters of marriages, divorces, and inheritance, Zimmis are allowed to appeal to their own religious courts. Each Christian denomination has the right and authority to determine the outcome of each case. Zimmis are free to practice their own social and religious rites at home and in church without interference from the state, even in such matters as drinking wine, rearing pigs, and eating pork, as long as they do not sell them to Muslims. Zimmis are generally denied the right to appeal to an Islamic court in family matters, marriage, divorce, and inheritance. However, in the event a Muslim judge agrees to take such a case, the court must apply Islamic law.
Political Rights and Duties
The Islamic state is an ideological state, thus the head of the state inevitably must be a Muslim, because he is bound by the Shari`a to conduct and administer the state in accordance with the Qur'an and the Sunna. The function of his advisory council is to assist him in implementing the Islamic principles and adhering to them. Anyone who does not embrace Islamic ideology cannot be the head of state or a member of the council.
Mawdudi, aware of the requirements of modern society, seems to be more tolerant toward Zimmis. He says,
"In regard to a parliament or a legislature of the modern type which is considerably different from the advisory council in its traditional sense, this rule could be relaxed to allow non-Muslims to be members provided that it has been fully ensured in the constitution that no law which is repugnant to the Qur'an and the Sunna should be enacted, that the Qur'an and the Sunna should be the chief source of public law, and that the head of the state should necessarily be a Muslim."
Under these circumstances, the sphere of influence of non-Muslim minorities would be limited to matters relating to general problems of the country or to the interest of the minorities. Their participation should not damage the fundamental requirement of Islam. Mawdudi adds,
"It is possible to form a separate representative assembly for all non-Muslim groups in tbe capacity of a central agency. The membership and the voting rights of such an assembly will be confined to non-Muslims and they would be given the fullest freedom within its frame-work."
These views do not receive the approval of most other schools of the Shari`a which hold that non-Muslims are not allowed to assume any position which might bestow on them any authority over any Muslim. A position of sovereignty demands the implementation of Islamic ideology. It is alleged that a non-Muslim (regardless of his ability, sincerity, and loyalty to his country) cannot and would not work faithfully to achieve the ideological and political goals of Islam.
Business World
The political arena and the official public sectors are not the only area in which non-Muslims are not allowed to assume a position of authority. A Muslim employee who works in a company inquires in a letter "if it is permissible for a Muslim owner (of a company) to confer authority on a Christian over other Muslims? (Al-Muslim Weekly; Vol. 8; issue No. 418; Friday 2, 5, 1993).
In response to this inquiry three eminent Muslim scholars issued their legal opinions:
Sheikh Manna` K. Al-Qubtan, professor of Higher studies at the School of Islamic Law in Riyadh, indicates that:
Basically, the command of non-Muslims over Muslims in not admissible, because God Almighty said: 'Allah will not give access to the infidels (i.e. Christians) to have authority over believers (Muslims) {Qur'an 4:141}. For God - Glory be to Him - has elevated Muslims to the highest rank (over all men) and foreordained to them the might, by virtue of the Qurtanic text in which God the Almighty said: 'Might and strength be to Allah, the Prophet (Muhammad) and the believers (Muslims) {Qur'an 63:8}.
Thus, the authority of non-Muslim over a Muslim is incompatible with these two verses, since the Muslim has to submit to and obey whoever is in charge over him. The Muslim, therefore becomes inferior to him, and this should not be the case with the Muslim.
Dr. Salih Al-Sadlan, professor of Shari`a at the School of Islamic Law, Riyadh, cites the same verses and asserts that it is not permissible for a infidel (in this case is a Christian) to be in charge over Muslims whether in the private or public sector. Such an act:
"entails the humiliaton of the Muslim and the exaltation of the infidel (Christian). This infidel may exploit his position to humiliate and insult the Muslims who work under his administration. It is advisable to the company owner to fear God Almighty and to authorize only a Muslim over the Muslims. Also, the injunctions issued by the ruler, provides that an infidel should not be in charge when there is a Muslim available to assume the command. Our advice to the company owner is to remove this infidel and to replace him with a Muslim."
In his response Dr. Fahd Al-`Usaymi, professor of Islamic studies at the Teachers' College in Riyadh, remarks that the Muslim owner of the company should seek a Muslim employee who is better than the Christian (manager), or equal to him or even less qualified but has the ability to be trained to obtain the same skill enjoyed by the Christian. It is not permissible for a Christian to be in charge of Muslims by the virtue of the general evidences which denote the superiority of the Muslim over others. Then he quotes (Qur'an 63:8) and also cites verse 22 of Chapter 58:
Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Apostle, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred.
`Usaymi claims that being under the authority of a Christian may force Muslims to flatter him and humiliate themselves to this infidel on the hope to obtain some of what he has. This is against the confirmed evidences. Then he alludes to the story of Umar Ibn Al-Khattab the second Caliph, who was displeased with one of his governors who appointed a Zimmi as a treasurer, and remarked: "Have the wombs of women become sterile that they gave birth only to this man?" Then `Usaymi adds:
Muslims should fear God in their Muslim brothers and train them... for honesty and fear of God are, originally, in the Muslim, contrary to the infidel (the Christian) who, originally, is dishonest and does not fear God.
Does this mean that a Christian who owns a business cannot employ a Muslim to work for him? Even worse, does this mean that a Zimmi, regardless of his unequal qualification, cannot be appointed to the right position where he would serve his country the best? This question demands an answer.
Freedom of Expression
Mawdudi, who is more lenient than most Muslim scholars, presents a revolutionary opinion when he emphasizes that in an Islamic state:
"all non-Muslims will have thc freedom of conscience, opinion, expression, and association as the one enjoyed by Muslims themselves, subject to the same limitations as are imposed by law on Muslims."
Mawdudi's views are not accepted by most Islamic schools of law, especially in regard to freedom of expression like criticism of Islam and the government. Even in a country like Pakistan, the homeland of Mawdudi, it is illegal to criticize the government or the head of state. Many political prisoners are confined to jails in Pakistan and most other Islamic countries. Through the course of history. except in rare cases, not even Muslims have been given freedom to criticize Islam without being persecuted or sentenced to death. It is far less likely for a Zimmi to get away with criticizing Islam.
In Mawdudi's statement, the term "limitations" is vaguely defined. If it were explicitly defined, you would find, in the final analysis, that it curbs any type of criticism against the Islamic faith and government.
Moreover, how can the Zimmis express the positive aspects of their religion when they are not allowed to use the media or advertise them on radio or TV? Perhaps Mawdudi meant by his proposals to allow such freedom to Zimmis only among themselves. Otherwise, they would be subject to penalty. Yet, Muslims are allowed, according to the Shari`a (law) to propagate their faith among all religious sects without any limitations.
Muslims and Zimmis
Relationships between Muslims and Zimmis are classified in two categories: what is forbidden and what is allowable.
I. The Forbidden:
A Muslim is not allowed to:
emulate the Zimmis in their dress or behavior.
attend Zimmi festivals or support them in any way which may give them any power over Muslims.
lease his house or sell his land for the construction of a church, temple, liquor store, or anything that may benefit the Zimmi's faith.
work for Zimmis in any job that might promote their faith such as constructing a church.
make any endowment to churches or temples.
carry any vessel that contains wine, work in wine production, or transport pigs.
address Zimmis with any title such as: "my master" or "my lord."
II. The Allowable
A Muslim is allowed to:
financially assist the Zimmis, provided the money is not used in violation of Islamic law like buying wine or pork.
give the right of pre-emption (priority in buying property) to his Zimmi neighbor. The Hanbilites disapprove of this.
eat food prepared by the People of the Book.
console the Zimmis in an illness or in the loss of a loved one. It is also permissible for a Muslims to escort a funeral to the cemetery, but he has to walk in front of the coffin, not behind it, and he must depart before the deceased is buried.
congratulate the Zimmis for a wedding, birth of a child, return from a long trip, or recovery from illness. However, Muslims are warned not to utter any word which may suggest approval of the Zimmis' faith, such as: "May Allah exalt you," "May Allah honor you," or "May Allah give your religion victory."
Conclusion
This study shows us that non-Muslims are not regarded as citizens by any Islamic state, even if they are original natives of the land. To say otherwise is to conceal the truth. Justice and equality require that any Christian Pakistani, Melanesian, Turk, or Arab be treated as any other citizen of his own country. He deserves to enjoy the same privileges of citizenship regardless of religious affiliation. To claim that Islam is the true religion and to accuse other religions of infidelity is a social, religious and legal offense against the People of the Book.
Christians believe that their religion is the true religion of God and Islam is not. Does that mean that Great Britain, which is headed by a Queen, the head of the Anglican Church, should treat its Muslim subjects as a second class? Moreover, why do Muslims in the West enjoy all freedoms allotted to all citizens of these lands, while Muslim countries do not allow native Christians the same freedom? Muslims in the West build mosques, schools, and educational centers and have access to the media without any restriction. They publicly advertise their activities and are allowed to distribute their Islamic materials freely, while native Christians of any Islamic country are not allowed to do so. Why are Christians in the West allowed to embrace any religion they wish without persecution while a person who chooses to convert to another religion in any Islamic country, is considered an apostate and must be killed if he persists in his apostasy? These questions and others are left for readers to ponder.
REFERENCES
Abdullah, Najih Ibrahim Bin, The Ordinances of the People of the Covenant and the Minorities in an Islamic State, Balagh Magazine, Cairo, Egypt, Volume 944, May 29, 1988; Volume 945, June 5, 1988.
Al Muslimun, Vol. 8; issue No, 418; Friday 2, 5, 1993.
Doi, `Abdur Rahman I.; Shari`a: The Islamic Law; Taha Publishers; London UK; 1984.
Mawdudi, S. Abul `Ala', The Rights of Non-Muslims in Islamic State, Islamic Publications, LTD. Lahore, Pakistan. 1982
Muraghi, Abdullah Mustapha, Islamic Law Pertaining to Non-Muslims, Library of Letters. Egypt. Undated

Westerners Beware

DOES ISLAM MEANS PEACE? I applaud Ibn Waraq for the courage to give an alternative (and in my opnion, true) view of Islam. Slogans such as "Islam mean Peace" and "Islam is a tolerant religion" are unheard of in my country, which is predominantly Muslim and are only adopted in the West as part of a public relations campaign to promote Islam.
This book is about what true Islam as taught in the Quran and the Hadiths ...and not the Islam which "moderate" Muslims want Non-Muslims and potential converts in the West to believe.
What Muslims preach to their fellow Muslims and to Western potential converts are diametrically opposed. Hence, Ibn Waraqs book helps debunk this "Islam means Peace" deception.
In the West, after every violent act committed in the name of Islam such as 9/11, many Westerners would before judging Islam, go out and buy books about Islam and start asking Muslims about Islam. Muslim proselyters take advantage of this fair minded thinking of Westerners together with their pre-conceived notion that all religions are the same (i.e. all religions teaches one to do good or all religions are equally guilty of causing friction and hatred).
American Muslims say that on 9/11 it was "ISLAM WHICH WAS HIJACKED". If that was the case, I would presume that these American Muslims would declare that Allah would naturally sent these HIJACKERS OF ISLAM to Hell !!! But of course, that is not the case. How do you think Allah should deal with the hundreds of thousands in Muslim countries who cheered, celebrated, danced on the streets, shoot in the air after they saw ISLAM BEING HIJACKED on 9/11 ??? ...War against unbelievers is fundamental to Islam and Jihad is obligation of every able-bodied Muslim man. There are about 123 verses in the Quran exhorting violence including Jihad. A martyr (i.e. a Muslim who dies in a Jihad) is ensure a place in Paradise with 72 virgins for his enjoyment. Which other religion teaches that?
For those previous reviewers who alleged that Ibn Waraqs writings on Islam are inaccurate and misleading may I suggest that they should point these discrepancies out from the Quran itself.

Another book to read is The sword of the prophet, the writer of this book is of of the few westerners tha really knows them.

A Call to the Muslims of the World

Dear friends,



The tragic incidents of September 11 have shocked the world. It is unthinkable that
anyone could be so full of hate as to commit such heinous acts and kill so many
innocent people. We people of Muslim origin are as much shaken as the
rest of the world and yet we find ourselves looked upon with suspicion and
distrust by our neighbours and fellow citizens. We want to cry out and tell the
world that we are not terrorists, and that those who perpetrate such despicable
acts are murderers and not part of us. But, in reality, because of our
Muslim origins we just cannot erase the "stigma of Islamic
Terrorism" from our identity!

What
most Muslims will say:

"Islam would never support the killing of innocent people. Allah of the Holy Qur'an
never advocated killings. This is all the work of a few misguided individuals
at the fringes of society. The real Islam is sanctified from violence. We
denounce all violence. Islam means peace. Islam means tolerance
."

What
knowledgeable Muslims should say:

That is what most Muslims think, but is it true? Does Islam really preach peace, tolerance
and non-violence
? The Muslims who perpetrate these crimes think differently.
They believe that what they do is Jihad (holy war). They say that killing
unbelievers is mandatory for every Muslim. They do not kill because they wish
to break the laws of Islam but because they think this is what true Muslims
should do.
Those who blow-up their own bodies to kill more innocent people
do so because they think they will be rewarded in
Paradise. They hope to be blessed by Allah, eat
celestial food, drink pure wine and enjoy the company of divine consorts. Are
they completely misguided? Where did they get this distorted idea? How did
they come to believe that killing innocent people pleases God?
Or is it
that we are misguided? Does really Islam preach violence? Does it call upon its
believers to kill non-believers? We denounce those who commit acts of violence
and call them extremists. But are they really extremists or are they
following what the holy book, the Qur'an tells them to do?
What does the Qur'an
teach? Have we read the Qur'an? Do we know what kind of teachings are there?
Let us go through some of them and take a closer look at what Allah says.

What
the Qur'an Teaches Us:

We have used the most widely available English text of the Qur'an and readers are
welcome to verify our quotes from the holy book. Please have an open mind and
read through these verses again and again. The following quotes are taken from
the most trusted Yusufali's translation of the Qur'an.

The
Qur'an tells us
:
"not to make friendship with Jews and Christians" (5:51),
"kill the disbelievers wherever we find them" (2:191), "murder
them and treat them harshly" (9:123), "fight and slay the Pagans,
seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem
"
(9:5). The Qur'an demands that we fight the unbelievers, and promises "If
there are twenty amongst you, you will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, you
will vanquish a thousand of them
" (8:65).

Allah and his messenger want us to fight the Christians and the Jews "until
they pay the Jizya [a penalty tax for the non-Muslims living under Islamic
rules] with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued
" (
9:29). Allah and his messenger announce that
it is acceptable to go back on our promises (treaties) and obligations with
Pagans and make war on them whenever we find ourselves strong enough to do so

(9:3). Our God tells us to "fight the unbelievers" and "He
will punish them by our hands, cover them with shame and help us (to victory)
over them
" (
9:14).



The Qur'an takes away the freedom of belief from all humanity and relegates those
who disbelieve in Islam to hell
(
5:10),
calls them najis (filthy, untouchable, impure) (
9:28), and orders its followers to fight the
unbelievers until no other religion except Islam is left (2:193). It
says that the "non-believers will go to hell and will drink boiling
water" (
14:17). It asks the Muslims to
"slay or crucify or cut the hands and feet of the unbelievers, that
they be expelled from the land with disgrace and that they shall have a great
punishment in world hereafter
" (
5:34). And tells us that "for them (the
unbelievers) garments of fire shall be cut and there shall be poured over their
heads boiling water whereby whatever is in their bowels and skin shall be
dissolved and they will be punished with hooked iron rods" (22:19-22)
and that they not only will have "disgrace in this life, but on the Day of
Judgment He shall make them taste the Penalty of burning (Fire)" (22:9).
The Qur'an says that "those who invoke a god other than Allah not only
should meet punishment in this world but the Penalty on the Day of Judgment
will be doubled to them, and they will dwell therein in ignominy" (25:68).
For those who "believe not in Allah and His Messenger, He has prepared,
for those who reject Allah, a Blazing Fire!" (48:13). Although we
are asked to be compassionate amongst each other, we have to be "harsh
with unbelievers
", our Christian, Jewish and Atheist neighbours and
colleagues (48:29). As for him who does not believe in Islam, the
Prophet announces with a "stern command": "Seize ye him, and
bind ye him, And burn ye him in the Blazing Fire. Further, make him march in a
chain, whereof the length is seventy cubits! This was he that would not believe
in Allah Most High. And would not encourage the feeding of the indigent! So no
friend hath he here this Day. Nor hath he any food except the corruption from
the washing of wounds, Which none do eat but those in sin.
" (69:30-37)
The Qur'an prohibits a Muslim from befriending a non-believer even if
that non-believer is the father or the brother of that Muslim
(
9:23), (3:28). Our holy book asks us to be disobedient towards the disbelievers and their governments and strive against the
unbelievers with great endeavour" (25:52) and be stern with them
because they belong to Hell (66:9). The holy Prophet prescribes fighting
for us and tells us that "it is good for us even if we dislike it"
(2:216). Then he advises us to "strike off the heads of the disbelievers";
and after making a "wide slaughter among them, carefully tie up the
remaining captives" (47:4)
. Our God has promised to "instil terror
into the hearts of the unbelievers
" and has ordered us to "smite
above their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them" (
8:12). He also assures us that when we kill in
his name "it is not us who slay them but Allah, in order that He might
test the Believers by a gracious trial from Himself
" (
8:17). He orders us "to strike terror
into the hearts of the enemies" (8:60)
. He has made the Jihad
mandatory and warns us that "Unless we go forth, (for Jihad) He will
pun
ish us with a grievous penalty, and put others in our place" (
9:39). Allah speaks to our Holy
Prophet and says "O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and
the hypocrites, and be stern against them. Their abode is Hell - an evil refuge
indeed" (9:73)
.

He promises us that in the fight for His cause whether we slay or are slain we return
to the
garden of Paradise (9:111). In Paradise he will "wed us with Houris
(celestial virgins) pure beautiful ones" (56:54)
, and unite us with
large-eyed beautiful ones while we recline on our thrones set in lines (56:20).
There we are promised to eat and drink pleasantly for what we did (56:19). He
also promises "boys like hidden pearls" (56:24) and "youth never
altering in age like scattered pearls" (for those who have paedophiliac
inclinations) (76:19). As you see, Allah has promised all sorts or rewards,
gluttony and unlimited sex to Muslim men who kill unbelievers in his name.
We will be admitted to Paradise where we shall find "goodly things,
beautiful ones, pure ones confined to the pavilions that man has not touched
them before nor jinni" (56:67-71).

In the West we enjoy freedom of belief but we are not supposed to give such freedom
to anyone else because it is written "If anyone desires a religion
other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of hi
m;
and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual
good) (3:85). And He orders us to fight them on until there is no more
tumult and faith in Allah is practiced everywhere (
8:39).

As for women the book of Allah says that they are inferior to men and their husbands have
the right to scourge them if they are found disobedient (
4:34). It advises to "take a green
branch and beat your wife
", because a green branch is more flexible
and hurts more (38:44). It teaches that women will go to hell if they
are disobedient to their husbands (66:10). It maintains that men have an
advantage over the women (2:228). It not only denies the women's
equal right to their inheritance (
4:11-12), it also regards them as imbeciles
and decrees that their witness is not admissible in the courts of law (2:282).
This means that a woman who is raped cannot accuse her rapist unless she
can produce a male witness. Our Holy Prophet allows us to marry up to four
wives and he licensed us to sleep with our slave maids and as many 'captive'
women as we may have (4:3)
even if those women are already married. He
himself did just tha
t. This is why anytime a Muslim army subdues another nation,
they call them kafir and allow themselves to rape their women.
Pakistani soldiers allegedly raped up to 250,000 Bengali women in 1971
after they massacred 3,000,000 unarmed civilians when their religious
leader decreed that Bangladeshis are un-Islamic. This is why the prison
guards in Islamic regime of
Iran
rape the women that in their opinion are apostates prior to killing
them, as they believe a virgin will not go to Hell.

Dear fellow Muslims:

Is this the Islam you believe in? Is this your Most Merciful, Most Compassionate Allah
whom you worship daily? Could Allah incite you to kill other peoples? Please
understand that there is no terrorist gene - but there could be a terrorist
mindset. That mindset finds its most fertile ground in the tenets of Islam.
Denying it, and presenting Islam to the lay public as a religion of peace
similar to Buddhism, is to suppress the truth. The history of Islam between
the 7th and 14th centuries is riddled with violence, fratricide and wars of
aggression, starting right from the death of the Prophet and during the
so-called 'pure' or orthodox caliphate. And Muhammad himself hoisted the
standard of killing, looting, massacres and bloodshed. How can we deny the
entire history? The behaviour of our Holy Prophet as recorded in authentic
Islamic sources is quite questionable from a modern viewpoint. The Prophet was
a charismatic man but he had few virtues. Imitating him in all aspects of life
(following the Sunnah) is both impossible and dangerous in the 21st century.
Why are we so helplessly in denial over this simple issue?

When the Prophet was in Mecca and he was still not powerful
enough he called for tolerance
. He said "To you be your religion, and to me my
religion
" (109:6). This famous quote is often misused to prove
that the general principle of Qur'an is tolerance. He advised his follower to speak
good to their enemies (2: 83)
, exhorted them to be patient (20:103)
and said that "there is no compulsion in religion" (2:256). But
that all changed drastically when he came to power. Then killing and
slaying unbelievers with harshness and without mercy was justified in innumerable
verses. The verses quoted to prove Islam's tolerance ignore many other verses
that bear no trace of tolerance or forgiveness. Where is tolerance in this
well-known verse "Alardu Lillah, Walhukmu Lillah." (The Earth
belongs to Allah and thus only Allah's rule should prevail all over the
earth.).

Is it normal that a book revealed by God should have so many serious contradictions?
The Prophet himself set the example of unleashing violence
by invading the Jewish settlements, breaking treaties he had
signed with them and banishing some of them after confiscating their
belongings, massacring others and taking their wives and children
as slaves. He inspected the youngsters and massacred all those who had pubic
hair along with the men. Those who were younger he kept as slaves. He distributed
the women captured in his raids among his soldiers keeping the prettiest for
himself (33:50)
. He made sexual advances on Safiyah, a Jewish
girl on the same day he captured her town Kheibar and killed her father, her husband
and many of her relatives. Reyhana was another Jewish girl of Bani Quriza
whom he used as a sex slave after killing all her male relatives. In the last
ten years of his life he accumulated two scores of wives, concubines and sex
slaves including the 9 year old Ayesha. These are not stories but
records from authentic Islamic history and the Hadiths. It can be argued
that this kind of behaviour was not unknown or unusual for the conquerors and
leaders of the mediaeval world but these are not the activities befitting of a
peaceful saint and certainly not someone who claimed to be the Mercy of God for
all creation. There were known assassinations of adversaries during the
Prophet's time, which he had knowledge of and had supported. Among them there
was a 120 year old man, Abu 'Afak whose only crime was to compose a
lyric satirical of the Prophet. (by Ibn Sa'd Kitab al Tabaqat al Kabir,
Volume 2, page 32
) Then when a poetess, a mother of 5 small children 'Asma'
Bint Marwan
wrote a poetry cursing the Arabs for letting Muhammad assassinate
an old man, our Holy Prophet ordered her to be assassinated too in the middle
of the night while her youngest child was suckling from her breast. (Sirat Rasul
Allah
(A. Guillaume's translation "The Life of Muhammad") page
675, 676).


The Prophet did develop a 'Robin Hood' image that justified
raiding merchant caravans attacking cities and towns, killing people and
looting their belongings in the name of social justice. Usama Bin
Laden
is also trying to create the same image. But Robin Hood didn't claim
to be a prophet or a pacifist nor did he care for apologist arguments.
He did not massacre innocent people indiscriminately nor did he profit by reducing
free people to slaves and then trading them
.



With the known and documented violent legacy of Islam, how can we suddenly rediscover
it as a religion of peace in the free world in the 21st century? Isn't this
the perpetuation of a lie
by a few ambitious leaders in order to gain
political control of the huge and ignorant Muslim population? They are
creating a polished version of Islam by completely ignoring history. They are
propagating the same old dogma for simple believing people in a crisp new
modern package. Their aim: to gain political power in today's high-tension
world. They want to use the confrontational power of the original Islam to
catalyse new conflicts and control new circles of power.



Dear conscientious Muslims, please question yourselves. Isn't this compulsive following
of a man who lived 1400 years ago leading us to doom in a changing world? Do
the followers of any other religion follow one man in such an all-encompassing
way? Who are we deceiving, them or ourselves? Dear brothers and sisters, see
how our Umma (people) has sunk into poverty and how it lags behind the rest of
the world.
Isn't it because we are following a religion that is outdated
and impractical
? In this crucial moment of history, when a great
catastrophe has befallen us and a much bigger one is lying ahead, should not we
wake up from our 1400 years of slumber and see where things have gone wrong?

Hatred
has filled the air and the world is bracing itself for its doomsday. Should we
not ask ourselves whether we have contributed, wittingly or unwittingly, to
this tragedy
and whether we can stop the great disaster from happening?

Unfortunately
the answer to the first question is yes
. Yes we have contributed to the rise of fundamentalism
by merely claiming Islam is a religion of peace, by simply being a
Muslim and by saying our shahada (testimony that Allah is the only God and
Muhammad is his messenger). By our shahada we have recognized Muhammad as a
true messenger of God and his book as the words of God. But as you saw above those
words are anything but from God
. They call for killing, they are prescriptions
for hate and they foment intolerance
. And when the ignorant among us read
those hate-laden verses, they act on them and the result is the infamous
September 11, human bombs in Israel, massacres in East Timor and Bangladesh,
kidnappings and killings in the Philippines, slavery in the Sudan, honour
killings in Pakistan and Jordan, torture in Iran, stoning and maiming in Afghanistan
and Iran, violence in Algeria, terrorism in Palestine and misery and death in
every Islamic country
. We are responsible because we endorse Islam and hail
it as a religion of God. And we are as guilty as those who put into practice
what the Qur'an preaches - and ironically we are the main victims too.
If we are not terrorists, if we love peace, if we cried with the rest of the
word for what happened in
New
York
, then why
are we supporting the Qur'an that preaches killing, that advocates holy war,
that calls for the murder of non-Muslims? It is not the extremists who have
misunderstood Islam. They do literally what the Qur'an asks them to do. It
is we who misunderstand Islam
. We are the ones who are confused. We are the
ones who wrongly assume that Islam is the religion of peace. Islam is
not a religion of peace
. In its so-called "pure" form it can very
well be interpreted as a doctrine of hate. Terrorists are doing just
that
and we the intellectual apologists of Islam are justifying it. We can
stop this madness. Yes, we can avert the disaster that is hovering over our
heads. Yes, we can denounce the doctrines that promote hate. Yes, we can
embrace the rest of humanity with love. Yes, we can become part of a united
world, members of one human family, flowers of one garden. We can dump the
claim of infallibility of our Book, and the questionable legacy of our Prophet.


Dear friends, there is no time to waste. Let us put an end to this lie. Let
us not fool ourselves. Islam is not a religion of peace, of tolerance, of
equality or of unity of humankind.
Let us read the Qur'an. Let us face the
truth even if it is painful. As long as we keep this lie alive, as long as we
hide our head in the sands of
Arabia we are feeding terrorism. As
long as you and I keep calling Qur'an the unchangeable book of God, we cannot
blame those who follow the teachings therein. As long as we pay our Khums and Zakat
our money goes to promote Islamic expansionism and that means terrorism,
Jihad and war
. Islam divides the world in two. Darul Harb (land of
war) and Darul Islam (land of Islam). Darul Harb is the land of the infidels,
Muslims are required to infiltrate those lands, proselytise and procreate until
their numbers increase and then start the war and fight and kill the people and
impose the religion of Islam on them and convert that land into Darul Islam. In
all fairness we denounce this betrayal. This is abuse of the trust. How can we
make war in the countries that have sheltered us? How can we kill those who
have befriended us? Yet willingly or unwillingly we have become pawns in this
Islamic Imperialism. Let us see what great Islamic scholars have had to say in
this respect.

Dr. M. Khan
the translator of Sahih Bukhari and the Qur'an into English wrote: "Allah
revealed in Sura Bara'at (Repentance, IX) the order to discard (all) obligations
(covenants, etc), and commanded the Muslims to fight against all the Pagans
as well as against the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) if
they do not embrace Islam, till they pay the Jizia (a tax levied on the Jews
and Christians) with willing submission and feel themselves subdued (as it is
revealed in 9:29). So the Muslims were not permitted to abandon "the
fighting" against them (Pagans, Jews and Christians) and to reconcile with
them and to suspend hostilities against them for an unlimited period while they
are strong and have the ability to fight against them. So at first "the
fighting" was forbidden, then it was permitted, and after that it was made
obligatory
" [Introduction to English translation of Sahih Bukhari, p.xxiv.]

Dr. Sobhy as-Saleh,
a contemporary Islamic academician quoted Imam Suyuti the author of Itqan Fi 'Ulum
al- Qur'an who wrote: "The command to fight the infidels was delayed until
the Muslims become strong, but when they were weak they were commanded to
endure and be patient". [ Sobhy as_Saleh, Mabaheth Fi 'Ulum al- Qur'an,
Dar al-'Ilm Lel-Malayeen,
Beirut, 1983, p. 269.]

Dr. Sobhy,

in a footnote, commends the opinion of a scholar named Zarkashi who said:
"Allah the most high and wise revealed to Mohammad in his weak condition
what suited the situation, because of his mercy to him and his followers. For
if He gave them the command to fight while they were weak it would have been
embarrassing and most difficult, but when the most high made Islam victorious
He commanded him with what suited the situation, that is asking the people of
the Book to become Muslims or to pay the levied tax, and the infidels to become
Muslims or face death. These two options, to fight or to have peace return
according to the strength or the weakness of the Muslims.
" [ibid p.
270]

Other Islamic scholars
(Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi, Ga'far ar-Razi, Rabi' Ibn 'Ons, 'Abil-'Aliyah, Abd ar-Rahman
Ibn Zayd Ibn 'Aslam, etc.) agree that the verse "Slay the idolaters
wherever you find them
" (9:5) cancelled those few earlier
verses that called for tolerance in the Qur'an and were revealed when
Islam was weak
. Can you still say that Islam is the religion of peace?


We propose a solution.

We know too well that it is not easy to denounce our faith because it means denouncing
a part of ourselves. We are a group of freethinkers and humanists with Islamic
roots. Discovering the truth and leaving the religion of our fathers and
forefathers was a painful experience. But after learning what Islam stands
for we had no choice but to leave it
. After becoming familiar with the Qur'an
the choice became clear: It is either Islam or humanity. If Islam
thrives, then humanity will die. We decided to side with humanity. Culturally
we are still Muslims but we no longer believe in Islam
as the true religion
of God. We are humanists. We love humanity. We work for the unity of
humankind
. We work for equality between men and women. We strive for
the secularisation of Islamic countries, for democracy and freedom of thought,
belief and expression. We decided to live no longer in self-deception but to
embrace humanity, and to enter into the new millennium hand in hand with people
of other cultures and beliefs in amity and in peace.



We denounce the violence that is eulogized in the Qur'an as holy war (Jihad).
We condemn killing in the name of God. We believe in the sanctity of
human life
, not in the inviolability of beliefs and religions. We invite
you to join us and the rest of humanity and become part of the family of humankind
- in love, camaraderie and peace.



This what they say, when they think nobody is listening

Special Report 18. Oktober 2002
Friday Sermons in Saudi Mosques: Review and Analysis
Part I 'The Christians and the Jews are "Infidels," "Enemies of Allah"'
Part II 'Jews - The Descendants of Pigs and Apes'
Part III 'It is Impossible to Make Peace With the Jews'
Part IV 'Muslims Must Educate Their Children to Jihad… and to Hatred of Jews and
Christians'
Part V 'The Palestinian Struggle Must be An Islamic Jihad'
Part VI 'Muslim Women's Rights are a Western Ploy to Destroy Islam'
APPENDIX About Al-Minbar
Friday sermons delivered in the main mosques of Saudi Arabia are available on the Saudi-based website www.alminbar.net.[1]
2
Part I - 'The Christians and the Jews are "Infidels," "Enemies of Allah"'
The majority of sermons discuss Christians, Jews, or the "Camp of Kufur"[2] concurrently. However, some
sermons specifically target Christians and Christianity. In a sermon delivered at the Al-Salaam mosque in
'Al-Unayzah, Sheikh Abd Al-Muhsin Al-Qadhi said: "Today we will talk about one of the distorted
religions, about a faith that deviates from the path of righteousness… about Christianity, this false faith,
and about the people whom Allah described in his book as deviating from the path of righteousness. We
will examine their faith, and we will review their history, full of hate, abomination, and wars against Islam
and the Muslims."
"In this distorted and deformed religion, to which many of the inhabitants of the earth belong, we can see
how the Christians deviate greatly from the path of righteousness by talking about the concept of the
Trinity. As far as they are concerned, God is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost: three who are
one…"
"They see Jesus, peace be upon him, as the son of Allah… It is the Christians who believe that Jesus was
crucified.[3] According to them, he was hanged on the cross with nails pounded through his hands, and he
cried, 'My God, why have you forsaken me?' According to them, this was so that he would atone for the
sins of mankind…"
"Regardless of all these deviations from the path of righteousness, it is possible to see many Muslims…
who know about Christianity only what the Christians claim about love, tolerance, devoting life to serving
the needy, and other distorted slogans… After all this, we still find people who promote the idea of
bringing our religion and their's closer, as if the differences were miniscule and could be eliminated by
arranging all those [interreligous] conferences, whose goal is political…" [4]
While Islam considers both Jews and Christians "People of the Book" - i.e. non-Muslims with special
status under Islamic rule - Sheikh Abd Al-'Aziz Qari discussed the differences between the religions in a
sermon delivered at the Qabaa mosque in Al-Madina: "Two groups - the Jews and the Christians - are
the main elements constituting the 'Camp of Kufur' and will continue to be its two foundations until Allah
allows their downfall and annihilation at the end of days..."
"When the Prophet Muhammad was sent out, the 'Camp of Kufur' declared war on his message. At the
center of this war were these groups, particularly the Jews. These two groups will continue to serve as the
grindstones of the conflict and the war between belief and Kufur until eternity comes… The conflict will
end when Jesus the son of Mary, peace be upon him, arrives to break the cross and wipes it off the face of
the earth, and kills the blind [false] Messiah, the leader of the Jews and the tyrant whom they await. Until
that day, the conflict between us, the Muslims, and the Jews and Christians will continue, and it will ebb
and flow, one day ours, another day theirs…"
"The Jews are the objects of Allah's [promised] wrath, while the Christians deviate from the path of
righteousness… The Koran described the Jews as a nation cursed by Allah, a nation at which he was
angry - some of whom he turned into apes and pigs…"[5]
International initiatives aimed at promoting interreligious harmony have been condemned by many Saudi
preachers. In a sermon at a Mecca mosque, Sheikh Adnan Ahmad Siyami said, "[Islam] believes that
only Islam and the 'Camp of Kufur' exist, and that there is no way to reach Paradise and to be delivered
from Hell except by walking in the path of our Prophet Muhammad and joining Islam. Any other way
leads to Hell… In light of this, my believing brethren, how can it be claimed that Judaism, Christianity,
and Islam are all paths leading to Allah?!…"
3
"Several years ago, a sinful call arose, which unfortunately garnered support from some clerics and
preachers of this religion, Islam… [a call] for the unification of the monotheistic religions. They flaunted
an empty and false slogan of 'religious harmony,' Christian-Islamic friendship, and uniting the three
religions into a global religion'…"
"The call for the unification of the religions is a call for the abolition of religious differences among
people: No more Muslim and infidel. All will come under the unity of human harmony… This accursed
call has ramifications that most certainly will shake Islam in the hearts of its people, leading them to the
lowest of the levels of Hell. This call will lead… to presenting the infidels' schools of thought as correct,
and to silence regarding them; to permitting conversion to Judaism and Christianity with no shame
whatsoever; to the abolition of the vast difference between the Muslims and others - a difference
underpinning the conflict between truth and falsehood; to the transformation of the religion of Islam into
a religion like the other, false religions, into a religion that has no advantage over the other religions…; to
refraining from calling [people] to join Islam, because if the Muslim wants to do so, he must tell the truth
about the infidels… This will also facilitate the conversion to Christianity in Muslim lands."
"The Pope's recent visit to Syria, to the Al-Umawi mosque is, without a doubt, another manifestation
of that call. The call by [the Pope] - may Allah punish him as he deserves - to the people of the [different]
religions in Syria to live in peaceful coexistence is nothing more than an audacious call for the unification
of religions, in accordance with the principle of human religious harmony… This Pope, the head of the
Catholic Church, and those behind him calling for the unification of the religions, are the descendants of
the Spanish inquisitors who tortured the Muslims most abominably… They are the descendants of those
who led the Crusades to the Islamic East, in which thousands of Muslims were killed and their wives
taken captive in uncountable numbers. They are the perpetrators of the massacres in Bosnia-
Herzegovina… in Kosovo, in Indonesia, and in Chechnya… Can we expect compassion from these
murderous wolves? What made the Pope go on his visit was his dissatisfaction with the robbing of the
Muslims' lands; he wanted also to rob their religion, so that they lose both this world and the
Hereafter…"
"[This is]… a call to dismantle the pact among Muslims in all the corners of the Islamic world and to
replace it with an accursed alternative harmony - the 'Harmony of the Jews and Christians.' This is, in
truth, a call to Muslims to stop accusing Jews, Christians, and other non-Muslims of being infidels…"
"There can be neither an agreement nor a meeting point between the people of Islam and the Jewish and
Christian People of the Book… How can we allow the Catholic Pope's talk of a need to find meeting
points and agreement between Islam and Christianity, so that there will be peaceful coexistence between
the two religions and harmony between the two communities? Is it conceivable that there should be
agreement and a meeting point with those who fabricate terrible falsehoods about Allah… claiming that
Jesus, peace be upon him, is his son?!…"[6]
Sheikh Mustafa Bin Sa'id Aytim was also agitated by the Pope's Syrian visit. In a sermon at a Mecca
mosque, he cited it as proof that "Christian missionaries are invading the Islamic world."[7]
Sheikh Aytim also objected to the concept of interreligious harmony, saying: "It is no surprise that the
Jews and Christians deny the Koran. What is amazing is that some ignoramuses and traitors from among
the Muslims say: 'The Jews and Christians are our brothers...' It is quite amazing that anyone claiming he
believes in the Koran says that the Jews and Christians love us and feel no loathing and hatred for us!!...
The People of the Book's hatred of Muslims is certain and absolute. This is a solid belief, which Allah has
proven in the Koran, and there is also historical evidence of it… And lo, today we see that they lie about
security and peace - a security council here, a peace emissary there; a security plan here, a prayer for peace
there. By Allah, who told you that wild animals can become human? Can wild animals give birth to
anything other than wild animals?"[8]
4
In a sermon delivered at the Manar Al-Islam mosque in Mecca, Sheikh 'Ali Muhammad Al-
Baroum said: "The idea of intertwining religions and the claim that the Jews and the Christians believe in
religions of truth… are sinful claims and deceitful ideas unacceptable to the religion [of Islam]… It is
forbidden to bring together Islam and the infidels, monotheism and polytheism… Allah's path of
righteousness and Satan's path of Kufur."[9]
At Al-Rahmah mosque in Mecca, Sheikh Marzouq Salem Al-Ghamdi spoke against interreligious
harmony: "For some time, we have been hearing calls for bringing the religions together, and for
unification of the religions. This call is aimed at uniting falsehood with truth, good with abomination…
The Jews and Christians are infidels, enemies of Allah, his Messenger, and the believers. They deny and
curse Allah and his Messenger… How can we draw near to these infidels?… They deny even the
messengers sent to them. They do not believe in Moses, they do not believe in Jesus - because if they
really believed in them, they would join Islam, because every prophet heralded to his nation the coming of
the Prophet Muhammad and the need to believe in him …"
"Some may say: 'How can the inventor of electricity be placed in Hell - he illuminated the world for us.'
Others may say, 'How can we be hostile to the Jews and Christians when they invented and manufactured
even the items we use in our mosques?' Yet others may say, 'The messenger of Allah left his shield with a
Jew and went to visit his sick Jewish neighbor. Why do you preach to us to do differently?' The truth is
that this is an inversion of the facts, and deception. The Jew whom the Prophet considered a citizen had
accepted the agreement [that the Prophet Muhammad had concluded with the Jews of Al-Madina]… and
when his people violated that pact, and supported the polytheists instead of the Muslims, their
punishment was death, captivity, and the expropriation of their assets."
"If the infidels live among the Muslims, in accordance with the conditions set out by the Prophet -there is
nothing wrong with it provided they pay Jizya[10] to the Islamic treasury. Other conditions are… that they
do not renovate a church or a monastery, do not rebuild ones that were destroyed, that they feed for three
days any Muslim who passes by their homes… that they rise when a Muslim wishes to sit, that they do not
imitate Muslims in dress and speech, nor ride horses, nor own swords, nor arm themselves with any kind
of weapon; that they do not sell wine, do not show the cross, do not ring church bells, do not raise their
voices during prayer, that they shave their hair in front so as to make them easily identifiable, do not incite
anyone against the Muslims, and do not strike a Muslim… If they violate these conditions, they have no
protection."[11]
While Arab intelligentsia generally object to the concept of the "clash of civilizations" between the East
and the West, preachers in Saudi mosques are stressing that it is precisely this - the struggle between
Islamic and Western civilizations - that is the true and eternal struggle for the leadership of the human
race.
Sheikh Abd Al-Rahman Al-Sudayyis, Imam of the Al-Haraam mosque in Mecca, told worshipers:
"The most noble civilization ever known to mankind is our Islamic civilization. Today, Western
civilization is nothing more than the product of its encounter with our Islamic civilization in Andalusia
[medieval Spain] and other places. The reason for [Western civilization's] bankruptcy is its reliance on the
materialistic approach, and its detachment from religion and values. [This approach] has been one reason
for the misery of the human race, for the proliferation of suicide, mental problems… and for moral
perversion…"
"Western civilization's credibility as the one capable of leading the world to happiness and man to stability
- is shaken… Only one nation is capable of resuscitating global civilization, and that is the nation [of
Islam]… No decent man in the world will deny that there has never been a culture more merciful towards
[all] creatures, with more supreme values, and which rules with greater justice than [Islam]… While the
false cultures sink in the swamp of materialism and suffer moral crises… our Islamic nation is the one
5
worthy of grasping the reins of leadership and riding on the back of the horse of pioneering and world
sovereignty."
"When this happens, our nation will not use cultural progress as a tool for exploiting the peoples,
exhausting their resources, and dishonoring them. It will not use [scientific] inventions and discoveries to
spread secularism and support terror... It will not use military equipment and war technologies as an
excuse to threaten the security of countries and peoples, or for barbaric and wild operations, and it will
not recruit the media to mislead public opinion… The Islamic message, whose aim is to save the human
race and to bring about happiness for man who is today lost in the dark tunnels of injustice and misery…
takes this burden upon itself…"[12]
In a sermon at the Al-Nabawi mosque in Al-Madina, Sheikh Sallah Bin Muhammad Al-Budeir
concured with this line of thought: "What is the use of [Western] culture, in which the value of man has
shrunk to the level of slavery to anything but Allah? Man becomes a slave to his money and his desires…
It is distressing that some of our people who speak our own language [serve] as procurers of the West,
glorifying and extolling it, and calling for its imitation…"
"[Only] Islam is worthy of delivering the human race from its misery and despair. Only Islam is capable of
bringing happiness to the human race."[13]
Saudi Arabia's Grand Mufti Sheikh Abd Al-'Aziz Aal Al-Sheikh addressed the matter at the Nimra
mosque in 'Arafa: "Those who attack Islam and its people - what have they given to the human race?!
What have they to be proud of?! They gave a false, contemptible culture; they gave various kinds of
damage to [human] freedoms and rights on the pretext of preserving these values; they gave
discrimination among people by color, gender, language, and race; they gave technology to create weapons
of mass destruction for the destruction of the human race; they gave forms of deceit and falshood…"[14]
One issue that is frequently discussed when comparing Islamic and Western civilizations is 'Western
permissiveness.' Sheikh Sa'd Bin Abdallah Al-'Ajameh Al-Ghamdi discussed this subject in a sermon
which focused on homosexuality; the sermon was delievered at the Sa'id Al-Jandoul mosque in Al-Taif:
"This act is not alien and uncommon to the brothers of monkeys and pigs [i.e. Jews] and the debased
among the infidels…"
"It shocked me to read and hear about the audacity of the 'Betrayer-General' of all nations [a reference to
the U.N. Secretary-General], who by affiliation and loyalty is a combination of a Jew and a Christian and
leads the people to Hell. He called to stop the incursion of this disease called AIDS - although two
months earlier he had contradicted this call when, in stupidity and brazenness, he led the nations calling
for permissiveness that causes this disease. He called for permitting adultery and spreading acts of
abomination and homosexuality, which is a sexual perversion, and even invited this kind of people to a
conference in order to call for premitting them marriage of the third kind…"[15]
Part II - 'Jews - The Descendants of Pigs and Apes'
"The Jews" are the central issue of many sermons delivered in Saudi mosques. When discussing Jews,
preachers base their sermons on Koranic history, as well as on pseudo-historic events which affirm the
Koranic view. In addition, many preachers refer to the Jews as "apes and pigs," a Koranic reference.
"When will the sleepers awake?" asked Sheikh Bandar bin Khalaf Al-'Utaibi, in a sermon at the Abu
Bakr Al-Saddiq mosque in Al-Damam. "Is there any kind of humiliation we have not tasted from the
brothers of apes and pigs?!"[16]
"Oh Muslims, see the state of the nation today, after it deviated from the path set out by the clerics," said
Sheikh Mustafa Bin Said Aytim in a sermon given at a mosque in Mecca. "[The nation] has made the
6
offspring of apes and pigs its stars; the hangers-on of the apes and pigs have become the centers of
influence and power… The Jews, Christians, and the hypocrites gnaw away at the body of the nation and
then carry out raids on it with the knights of the destructive media and with the deadly weapon of
globalization…"[17]
Although the preachers base their claims about the Jews on the Koran and the traditions (Hadith), many
also borrow classic European antisemitic motifs. Numerous sermons refer to The Protocols of the
Elders of Zion. In a sermon at the Al-Jafali mosque in Al-Taif, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Hakmi
stated: "We live in an era in which we are facing a cruel attack planned by the Jews and their hangers-on.
Dr. Oscar Levy said, We the Jews are masters of the world, and its corrupters; we set off civil strife in it,
and we are its hangmen…"[18]
Islamic traditions regarding three Jewish tribes of Al-Madina's violation of their agreement with the
Prophet Muhammad and the Jews' attempts to kill him, and their treaty with the Prophet's enemies, the
polytheists, recur in various forms in many sermons. Sheikh Abd Al-Muhsin Al-Qassem discussed the
matter in a sermon at Al-Nabawi mosque in Al-Madina: "When our Prophet Muhammad was sent, the
Jews incited the people and fought against him. Again and again they conspired to betray him and kill him.
[The Jewish tribe] Banu Nadhir tried to drop a large rock on him from the roof of a house under which
he sat, but he was warned by the heavens. They gave him poisoned roast mutton; he was saved [from
death] but suffered from injury until he died…"
"They killed some of the prophets… sometimes by slaughtering them and sometimes by sawing them in
two. They spilled the blood of [the prophet] Yahya, sawed Zacharia in two, planned to kill Jesus, and tried
several times to kill Muhammad… The Jews are ingrates, whoever treats them well they harm, and
whoever treats them with honor they rebel against. Allah saved them from drowning with Moses [at the
Red Sea]; they did not thank Allah, but arrogantly and haughtily asked Moses to make another god for
them instead of Allah, so they could worship it as they wished…"
"They annihilated people and nations with usury… They consume the Muslims' resources by destroying
their economy, and introduce prohibited things into trade. They harm Muslims so as to bankrupt them.
They seek to cause them poverty. … In their own eyes, they are Allah's chosen people, and they see others
as slaves created to meet their needs."
"Their tongues never cease lying, [disseminating] abomination and obscenity. About Allah they said: 'His
hands are tied… He is poor and we are wealthy.' They brought great disasters upon Jesus and his mother,
and of the Prophet Muhammad they said: 'He is a trickster and a liar.' Curses were laid upon them, one
after another, and punishments too… The Jews preached permissiveness and corruption, as they hid
behind false slogans like freedom and equality, humanism and brotherhood. They kill Muslim youth,
entice the [Muslim] woman with shameful deeds, and act to lure others through her… They defile the
minds of adolescents by arousing their urges… they are envious of the Muslim woman who conceals
herself and protects her honor; for this reason, they preach to her to expose herself and throw off her
values… Their goal is to destroy the Muslim family, to shatter religious and social ties and foundations…
They are cowards in battle… they flee from death and fear fighting… They love life…"[19]
Sheikh Muhammad Al-Saleh Al-'Athimein related the story of the three Jewish tribes in a sermon at
the Great Mosque in Al-'Unayza: "The perverse nature and base temperament of the Jews caused them
to violate [the treaty with the Prophet Muhammad] and betray [him]. [The Jewish tribe] Banu Qaynuqa'
showed treachery after Allah caused the victory of His Prophet in the battle of Badr [624 AD], so the
Prophet exiled them from Al-Madina…"
"The Banu Nadhir [tribe] showed treachery after the battle of Uhud [625 AD] and the Prophet besieged
them, and Allah cast fear into their hearts, until they asked the Prophet to exile them and allow them to
take what property they could carry on their beasts, except for weapons…"
7
"The [Jewish tribe of Banu] Qurayza violated the agreement in the Battle of Al-Ahzab [626 AD], and
the Prophet besieged them. They were brought to trial before Sa'd Ibn Mu'adh [head of the Aus tribe,
an ally of the Jews] who ruled that the men among them would be executed, their property divided, and
their women and children taken into captivity. Accordingly, 600 to 700 of the men among them were
executed…"
"Oh Muslims, the Jews are treacherous and deceitful people over whom lies the curse and anger of Allah.
They permitted what Allah forbade, with the lamest of excuses; therefore, He cursed them and turned
them into apes and pigs. Allah sentenced them to humiliation anywhere they might be…"[20]
Saudi preachers often speak of "the Jews' traits," passed down from generation to generation. They claim
that the Jews of today are the same Jews "who murdered the prophets" and "violated agreements with the
Prophet Muhammad." The Koran's statements on "the Jews," they claim, are valid for all times and all
places: "The current behavior of the brothers of apes and pigs, their treachery, their violation of
agreements, and their defilement of places of worship… are connected to their forefathers' deeds in the
early time of Islam. This proves the great similarity between every Jew living today and the Jew living
during the dawn of Islam," stated Sheikh Sa'd bin Abdallah Al-'Ajameh Al-Ghamdi in a sermon at the
Sa'id Al-Jandoul mosque in Al-Taif.[21]
Sheikh Abd Al-Hamid Al-Daghastani explained at the Bin Hassan mosque in Mecca that "to
disseminate moral or ideological corruption ... the Jews hand these traits down from father to son."[22] As
the Imam of the Al-Harram mosque in Mecca, Sheikh Abd Al-Rahman Al-Sudais explained in one
of his sermons: "Brothers in faith, what do our Koran and our Sunna say? What does our belief say? What
does our history prove…? They show clearly that the conflict between us and the Jews is one of belief,
identity, and existence…"
"Read history and you will understand that the Jews of yesterday are the evil forefathers of the even more
evil Jews of today: infidels, falsifiers of words, calf worshippers, prophet murderers, deniers of
prophecies… the scum of the human race, accursed by Allah, who turned them into apes and pigs…
These are the Jews - an ongoing continuum of deceit, obstinacy, licentiousness, evil, and corruption…"
"Oh nation of Islam, today our nation is at the height of conflict with the enemies of yesterday, today, and
tomorrow - the offspring of [the three Jewish tribes of Al-Madina] Banu Qurayza, Banu Nadhir, and Banu
Qaynuqa, upon whom Allah's curse rests until Judgment Day. Do the sons of our people realize the truth
about the nation of wrath and deceit…? The insult to and contempt of Arabs, Muslims, and their holy
places reaches its height at the hands of the rats of the world, the violators of agreements, in whose minds
abide treachery, destruction, and deceit and in whose veins flow occupation and tyranny… They are
indeed worthy of the curse of Allah, of the angels, and of all people…" [23]
In a sermon delivered at the Al-Nour mosque in Al-Khobar, Sheikh Nasser Muhammad Al-Ahmad
said: "In the Jews, an astonishing quantity of moral abomination and corrupt behavior has accumulated.
These cannot exist in any other nation. What is amazing is that this corruption in all things concerning
morality, and this impudent behavior, are not limited to a specific generation of Jews, or to a specific
group of Jews, but are manifest in the distorted Jew everywhere. Every Jew, except for the prophets and
the believers among the [ancient] Children of Israel, is a human model of the same moral traits, from
which the contemptible Jew who lived in the time of Pharoah or the liberated Jew who lives today on the
land of Palestine, is not spared."
"Moral corruption is a general trait of the Jews, all the Jews. [These are] stable hereditary genes [found] in
the Jew in every time and in every place. If you want to know the Jew through and through, imagine a
group of perverse moral traits…"
8
"The Jews are liars …in their religious life, in their ritual, in the way they see Allah. The Jews lie to their
enemies and friends alike… What is strange is that they have turned the lie into a religion, a faith, and a
ritual through which they draw closer to their god… If we say that they speak the truth this time
[regarding the peace process], it would mean that we are denying the Koranic text - a very serious
matter…"
"Similarly, the Jews are treacherous… If they smile, their smile is perverted… The Jews are miserly, and
enslaved by money… The Jews disseminate corruption in the land; this is one of their salient moral traits,
even in the time of their prophet Moses… Most of the world's wars, particularly the great modern wars,
were planned and started by the Jews so as to disseminate corruption in the land, and to achieve their
goals on the ruins of the human race… I will conclude the matter of these moral traits with something
else connected to the Jews: The Jews are an accursed nation. This is part of our belief. We believe that the
Jews are accursed…"[24]
"The desire to corrupt the people is present also in the Jews of our time," explained Sheikh Mushabbab
Fahd Al-Qahtani in a sermon at 'Ubad Al-Rahman mosque in Al-Zahran: "See the great interestcharging
banks, the cinemas, the alcohol factories, the drugs, the tobacco companies, the fashion houses,
the sex networks, the secret organizations - the Jews are behind them."[25]
In a sermon at the Qaaba mosque in Al-Madina, Sheikh Abd Al-'Aziz Qari addressed the matter: "In
ancient times, the Jews, the enemies of Allah, killed the prophets unjustly… Afterwards they became the
enemies of all humanity and they [termed] non-Jews 'gentiles,' and used all means to destroy them by
starting wars among these gentiles, destroying their beliefs, and corrupting their moral values…"
"See for example, how they show the woman on television and on the front pages of the newspapers.
They show her without modesty or shame, made up and exposing her curves, with the aim of destroying
and corrupting the nation's general moral values… They exploited the woman in the most abominable
way. And this is a known Jewish conspiracy… "[26]
Part III - 'It is Impossible to Make Peace With the Jews'
Saudi preachers urging Jihad are opposed, obviously, to the peace process. Sheikh Nasser Muhammad
Al-Ahmad said in a sermon at Al-Nour mosque in Al-Khobar: "There is no doubt that the [Muslim]
nation is today reaping the fruit of agony because of its renunciation of its honor on the day it begged
[peace] at the negotiating tables, chasing after a false peace that could never be. Because, in all honesty,
these are people with whom no agreement or pact can be made…"
"[Muslims] should have never been led under any pressure of any kind towards the so-called peace
process, which is in effect a process of surrender. The Muslims should have acted… as their forefathers
did when they faced the Crusader's occupation of Palestine for over 90 years, and nevertheless did not
surrender…" "The events proved that no one has the authority to make Palestinian decisions except for
the Palestinian masses, and that these crimes [against the Palestinians and the Muslims] will be stopped
only by Jihad. The sites holy to Muslims will be regained only by Jihad for the sake of Allah… When true
Islamic Jihad is declared, the balance of power will shift. What frightens the West more than anything else
is the word Jihad, because they understand what it means…"
"Humiliation and misery will be the lot of the ones who anger Allah, who cursed them and turned them
into apes and pigs… There is no solution to this problem, and to any problem to which the infidel enemy
is party, except by waving the banner of Jihad."[27]
Sheikh 'Adel Bin Ahmad Bana'ma said in a sermon at the Muhammad Al-Fatih mosque in Jiddah:
"For the thousandth time, the [Islamic] nation is losing its memory and sits with its enemy to discuss
9
peace, agreements, and treaties… The Jews themselves do not forget their hatreds. Today, they
disseminate everywhere the lie of the Holocaust and claim that Hitler killed six million Jews in gas
chambers. Although this is pure falsehood, they have made it part of their history of trials and tribulations,
disseminated it with their mighty propaganda machine, and extorted the countries of the world with it.
They obtained huge reparations from Germany with it, and still accuse everyone who denies it of
antisemitism, and incite the world against him. [The French Holocaust denier] Garaudy's story happened
not long ago!"
"…How many times have the Jews bitten the hand stretched out to them for peace? How many times
have the Jews violated the agreements they have signed? Didn't they betray the Prophet…? Didn't they
betray the Ottoman state and cause its downfall…? Haven't they violated all the modern agreements, from
Oslo through Sharm Al-Sheikh? Isn't this enough for those misled by illusions of peace to awaken?"[28]
According to the Saudi preachers, the only way of solving the problems of the Islamic nation is by
espousing the "missing precept" - Jihad. "Who would have believed it?!" cried Sheikh Sultan Al-'Uweid
in a sermon at the Prince Tareq mosque in Al-Damam, "a handful of brothers of apes and pigs
torments a billion [Muslims]… There is no other way, oh Muslims, but restoring the missing precept -
Jihad for the sake of Allah… There is no other way but educating to Jihad…"[29]
Sheikh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid also discussed the matter in his sermon at a mosque in Al-
Damam, saying: "The issue is historic, religious, and ideological. It is impossible ever to make peace with
the Jews; we must not [enter into] a pact with them, we must not [sign] a treaty with them - despite those
[among us] who maintain otherwise, who are Jews just like the Jews. There is no hiding from the evil of
the Jews; there is no concealment from their deception. The Jews are defiled creatures and satanic scum.
The Jews are the helpers of Satan. The Jews are the cause of the misery of the human race, together with
the infidels and the other polytheists. Satan leads them to Hell and to a miserable fate. The Jews are our
enemies and hatred of them is in our hearts. Jihad against them is our worship… "[30]
Part IV - 'Muslims Must Educate Their Children to Jihad… and to Hatred of Jews
and Christians'
Sheikh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid also discussed education to Jihad, stating: "Muslims must…
educate their children to Jihad. This is the greatest benefit of the situation: educating the children to Jihad
and to hatred of the Jews, the Christians, and the infidels; educating the children to Jihad and to revival of
the embers of Jihad in their souls. This is what is needed now…"[31]
While educating Muslim children to Jihad, elements of "manliness" must be developed in their souls,
maintained Sheikh Majed 'Abd Al-Rahman Al-Firian, in a sermon at the Suleiman Bin Muqiran
mosque in Al-Riyadh: "One of the ways of developing manliness in the personality of the children is to
tell them of the heroic deeds of our forefathers; of the Islamic battles; and of the Muslim victories, so that
courage will develop in their souls - as courage is one of the most important traits of manliness."
"Zubeir Bin Al-'Awwam had two children… One of them would play with the scars of his father's
wounds after the battles… His [other] son, Abdallah participated with his father in the battle of Al-
Yarmouk, and when the polytheists were defeated he… completed the killing of anyone he found
wounded - which attests to the courage of his heart, even in his youth."[32]
Many preachers seek to dismiss Western claims that their education to Jihad is education to terrorism. In
his sermon at the Al-Manshawi mosque in Mecca, Sheikh Wajdi Hamza Al-Ghazawi[33] said: "The
[kind of] terror [in Arabic, "striking of fear"] that Islamic religious law permits is terrifying the cowards,
the hypocrites, the secularists, and the rebels by imposing punishments according to the religious law of
Allah…"
10
"The meaning of the term 'terror' used by the media… is Jihad for the sake of Allah. Jihad is the peak
of Islam. Moreover, some of the clerics… see it as the sixth pillar of Islam. Jihad - whether Jihad of
defense of Muslims and of Islamic lands such as in Chechnya, the Philippines, and Afghanistan, or Jihad
aimed at spreading the religion - is the pinnacle of terror, as far as the enemies of Allah are concerned.
The Mujaheed who goes out to attain a martyr's death or victory and returns with booty is a terrorist as far
as the enemies of Allah are concerned… Accordingly, the believer must not use this word… Jihad, oh
believers, is an integral part of our religion. The word 'terror' is used to damage this mighty and blessed
foundation…"[34]
Part V - 'The Palestinian Struggle Must be An Islamic Jihad'
In Saudi sermons, preachers place special emphasis on the Islamic nature of the Palestinian cause. The
national Arab movement is often ridiculed and condemned by Saudi preachers, who insist that the only
way to liberate Palestine is through Jihad.
Sheikh 'Abd Al-'Aziz Qari expanded on this issue in a sermon at the Qabaa mosque in Al-Madina:
"What has the national Pan-Arab movement been doing for the past 40 years? What has it done in the
conflict with the Jewish nation? The national movement [based on] land, and the racist pan-Arab
movement, have been defeated by the apes and pigs [referring to the Jews]. Furthermore, the repeated
defeats of the past 40 years have become the trademark of the national land movement and the movement
of Pan-Arab racism. They go on fighting in the name of the olive and orange groves and the watermelon
[fields]. The nationalist men of the soil and of the Pan-Arab racism have been wandering for the past 40
years, refusing to return to their religion, to their Islam. They are reluctant [to consider] the battle between
them and the nation of the Torah, the nation of Israel - an Islamic battle. The Jews are fleeing to their
religion, seeking [roots] for unity and power, while the Arabs flee from their religion, from their Islam…"
"They feed their nation and their people's false, useless slogans that will never give them the power to
confront the Jews who wave the banners of Torah and Israel. The war between us and the Jews is, in
truth, a religious war, and only Islam can wage it in the path of truth… It is a divine decree, a militarypolitical
decree, a religious decree, but it is not directed at those who still fight in the name of the olives,
the oranges, and the watermelon. It is a divine decree directed at the nation of Jihad, the Islamic nation,
the Muslims… "[35]
In a sermon delivered at an Al-Damam mosque, Sheikh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid said: "The
[Palestinian] cause is exploited by hypocrites, the secular, polytheists, and pan-Arabs… They must be
silenced, disregarded. We must unite around those who talk of the Islamization of the cause… If we say
that the cause is an Arab cause, there are among us Christian Arabs, and infidels… and Socialists. What do
all these have to do with Al-Aqsa Mosque?!"[36]
Sheikh 'Abd Muhsin Al-Qadhi addressed the matter in a sermon at the Al-Salaam mosque in Al-
'Unayza, saying: "We must recognize that one of the reasons for our defeat by the Jews is that the
[Islamic] nation was not allowed to confront them… Our nation must know that our defeats by the Jews
were the defeats of regimes that did not wave the banner of Islam. They waved any banner except for the
banner of Islam…
"If those who have gone astray return to the truth, the Jews will return to the humiliation and misery to
which they were sentenced [by Allah]… Then, nothing will help the Jew… They will not see victory as
long as they persist with misleading concepts, heretical curricula, and a shameful 'peace of the brave.' All
this is the seed of Satan and the seedling of the infidels, and it is this which prevents the victory of Allah
and throws a lifeline to the Jews."[37]
11
In a sermon at the Suleiman Bin Muqiran mosque in Al-Riyadh, Sheikh Majed 'Abd Al-Rahman
Al-Firian said: "The modern countries of Kufur [that is, Western countries] have realized that the
[Palestinian] Authority that speaks today on behalf of the Palestinian cause has not waved the banner of
Islam, and its goal is to establish a secular state. Therefore, they protect it and prohibit attacking it, as [this
authority] is the one that will give them concessions when they pressure it. In contrast, the alternative to
this authority arouses fear in their hearts. This is a deep-rooted solution to the conflict: Intifada and Jihad
for the sake of Allah, not for the sake of pan-Arabism, and not for the sake of protecting the homeland
and the soil. Today, the Islamic nation already knows that the Holy Land will not be liberated by dallying
at vacation sites or sitting around the negotiating table with infidels. The solution is to do what the
Prophet did to the Jews when they violated the agreements… The solution regarding the Jews is as the
Prophet Muhammad said: 'I have brought slaughter upon you'…Yes, the solution for these is not peace
and harmony… Jihad, not peace, is the solution."
"The one who retreated and surrendered to Judaism and Christianity is not Islam, but secularism. The one
who threw down its weapon and sought to surrender was not Islam but secularism. Islam was not
defeated by Judaism and Christianity in the ideological battle because it was prevented from entering
it."[38]
Part VI - 'Muslim Women's Rights are a Western Ploy to Destroy Islam'
One major point of conflict between Islam and the West discussed by Saudi Imams is the status of
women, which is perceived as a matter of life and death for Muslim society. The Saudi preachers see the
West's preoccupation with the status of women in Islamic countries as an attempt to undermine and
topple Islamic society.
In a sermon at the Al-Huweish mosque in Al-Taif, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Nimr explained, "The
enemies of Islam… know that the woman is a double-edged sword, and that she can be transformed into
the most dangerous weapon of destruction [of Islamic nations]. Thus, the woman has suffered from most
of the conspiracies to shatter the Islamic nation - because the woman has a group of traits allowing her to
either build or destroy the nation…"
"The enemies of Islam have decided to distance the Muslims from their religion. Therefore, they have
made the woman the most important weapon in this destruction. Ostensibly, they are showing her mercy
and defending her rights. Many among the Muslim women have been misled by this, because of their
ignorance about their religion, which sees the woman as the man's partner and as possessing rights and
obligations appropriate to her nature and character..."
"Permitting women to leave the home, so that they rub up against men in the marketplaces and talk with
people other than their chaperones - with some even exposing parts of their bodies prohibited from
exposure - are forbidden acts, a disgrace, and lead to destruction. The first crime perpetrated by the
Israelites was letting their women loose when they were adorned, so that they would stir up Fitna [inner
strife]. For this, Allah punished them with the plague."[39]
In a sermon at the Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq mosque in Al-Taif, Sheikh Mansour Al-Ghamdi said: "The
Muslim who is aware of what is happening can connect the prodigious attack on men's and women's
modesty and morals… with the Jewish plan to destroy their humanity and make them look like animals -
that is, exposed and naked."[40]
To illustrate the danger of female permissiveness, the preachers often cite "historical" examples of
societies that collapsed in its wake. Sheikh Mansour Al-Ghamdi said, "The enemies realized that the
woman is a mighty and important fortress of the Muslim nation, and that for centuries this fortress
protected the strength of Islamic society…"
12
"The enemies learned the lesson of what happened to the Greek and Roman societies, which collapsed
because of the woman's corruption. When these cultures began, the woman was protected and modest,
and engaged in housework… Then [the Greeks and Romans] succeeded in their conquest, establishing
mighty empires. When the woman began to beautify herself, and to go out to clubs and public places…
she corrupted the moral values of the men, weakened their combat skills - and their civilization collapsed.
Yes, these two mighty cultures collapsed, and [the enemies] maintain that the Muslim nation must collapse
in such a way that will make it incapable of recovery. This is the strategic goal towards which the enemies
of the Muslim nation strive, as is written in the Protocols of the Elders of Zion… The enemies of the
Muslim woman are the Jews, the Christians, the hypocrites, the secular, and the opportunists trailing
behind them."[41]
Another illustration was provided by Sheikh Muhammad Abdallah Al-Habdan in a sermon at the Al-
'Izz Bin Abd Al-Salaam mosque in Al-Riyadh: "I warn of the danger [inherent] in the woman if she
deviates from the divine path. The man can be steadfast in many battles, but surprisingly the same giant
man often founders in the face of the woman and her enticements… The main reason for the downfall of
Paris and the French army's swift surrender to the German armies, as historians have acknowledged, was
overindulgence in urges and immersion in pleasure…"
"Why do the West and the secular Westernizers focus on the [Muslim] woman? The answer is that they
grasped the status of the woman and her role in the building of the nation, and her influence on society,
and therefore realized that if they corrupt the woman and manage to entice her into deviating from the
path of righteousness, it will facilitate their infiltration of the Muslim strongholds… The satanic Jews say
in their Protocols: 'We must get the woman. The day she stretches out her hand to us is the day of our
triumph'…"[42]
Another way preachers illustrate the imminent danger to Islamic women is by showing the "downfall" of
the Western woman. Speaking at an Al-Riyadh mosque, Sheikh Fahd Bin Abd Al-Rahman Al-
'Abyan said: "Some people have been influenced by the putrid ideas spread by the infidel West about the
[Islamic principle of] man's custodianship over the woman. On the face of it, these ideas appear to protect
the woman's rights. But in truth, their goal is to push the people into sinful liberty that has caused the
downfall of [entire] societies. [In the West] this false liberty has engendered a society with crime as its
hobby, adultery as its entertainment, and murder as its means of sublimating rage; a society in which the
number of illegitimate children approaches and sometimes even surpasses the number of children from
permitted unions… a society in which the woman does as she pleases even if she is married... a society in
which underage girls know and do what married women know and do, and even more… These putrid
ideas - no more than conceptual trash disseminated by the West - have begun to appear in the whorish
journals and on the [Arab] satellite channels…"
"[In the West] the woman leaves the home whenever she feels like it, goes where she wants, and wears
what she wants, without her husband's permission. Furthermore, in some homes the situation has reached
the point where the woman gives the orders, and that is that… It is no wonder, then, that the [Western]
women have become masculine. But what is amazing is that some men have become feminine. You can
see some husbands with nothing in common with men except external appearance, while the woman calls
the shots and controls the children's fate without asking her husband's opinion, even without consulting
him or informing him of her intentions…"[43]
Sheikh Saleh Fawzan Al-Fawzan discussed the situation of Western women in a sermon at the Al-
Basateen` mosque in Al-Riyadh: "In [Western] societies, the woman has become cheap merchandise,
displayed naked or half-naked before the eyes of men… Women are servants in homes, clerks in offices,
nurses in hospitals, hostesses on airplanes and in hotels, teachers of men in schools, film and television
actresses. If they do not succeed in presenting the woman in these ways, they present her voice on the
radio, as an announcer and a singer… As is known, the number of women in society surpasses the
13
number of men. Nevertheless, they have limited marriage to a single wife, abandoning the rest of the
women to corrupt and be corrupted…"
"They travel unsupervised and live as strangers among strangers, with danger threatening from all sides.
Thus, the enemies of Allah and of humanity have stripped the miserable woman of all the elements of a
happy life and of all her social rights, so that she serves as a tool of corruption and destruction. You will
be surprised to hear that in spite of these crimes, they claim that they are protecting the woman's
freedom."[44]
According to the preachers, the status of the Muslim woman is far better not only than that of Western
women, but also than that of women in any other culture. "In India," said Sheikh Mansour Al-Ghamdi
in a sermon at the Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq mosque in Al-Taif, "the woman has no right to independence
from her father, husband, or son… She must die the day her husband dies, and be burned alive, together
with him, on the same pyre. In China, a man has the right to sell his wife as a slave. If a Chinese woman is
widowed, her husband's family has the right to her, as property. A Chinaman has the right to bury his wife
alive…"
"Western culture waves around empty slogans about women's liberation, women's equality with men, and
no controlling of women. In the wake of these slogans, the woman has left her home… lives a life of
misery, and is burnt in the fire of this false liberty… Acts of abomination have proliferated in an
unprecedented manner… and they are no longer restricted to the brothels, but are also committed in
hotels, cafes, dance clubs, and even on the roads. It is no longer considered strange or perverse for a
father to lie with his daughters, or a brother with his sister…"
"To the woman, the man has become a predatory animal treating those weaker than himself with cruelty...
On the other hand, the man sees the woman as a wildcat. [Even] Sylvester Stallone said: 'I have all the
reasons [in the world] to hate women.'"[45]
At the same time, many sermons instruct women how to behave so as not to slide down the slippery slope
of the "moral degradation" pervasive in the West. The sermon of Sheikh Hamad Ibrahim Al-Hariqi at
Al-Basateen mosque in Al-Riyadh is one example of many: "One of the mistakes made by women with
regard to their husbands is to avoid [joining] the husband when he calls her to bed claiming that she is
fatigued, or simply because she wants to anger him, or because she is ignorant and does not know that by
doing so she denies her husband the greatest of his rights and places herself under serious threat… As it
was said: 'If a man calls his wife to his bed and she refuses to come, the angels curse her until she wakes
up'…"
"Another mistake is deficient service to her husband. If she does not fulfill his needs, such as cooking,
laundering, keeping the house clean, and the like, it is because she is lazy and for no other reason. There is
no doubt that this is a grave thing. [These tasks] are the woman's right and obligation towards her
husband… The wise Muslim woman must take care of and serve her husband, in a way that will gladden
him and cast happiness between them."
"Another mistake is to allow entrance to anyone whom the husband does not permit to enter the home.
The husband has the right to bring only the people he likes into his home, and the woman must obey him.
She has no right to bring in anyone he hates, even if it is her relatives … When the husband takes other
wives, some women behave with exaggerated jealousy, ignorance, and stupidity."[46]
APPENDIX - About Al-Minbar
The website Al-Minbar (www.alminbar.net)[47] - "Direct From Mecca" - was founded by Wajdi Al-
Ghazzaawi, who is also the website's executive director. According to Al-Ghazzawi, "Alminbar (The
14
Pulpit) is a site for every Muslim who seeks knowledge and more specifically for every Imam looking to
improve his speech and enhance the knowledge level of his congregation." According to VeriSign, Al-
Minbar.net was created on July 13, 1999 and is registered to Wajdi Alghazzawi. All phone numbers and
other contact information provided by Wajdi Alghazzawi and listed on VeriSign and on Al-Minbar.net list
the website as Saudi-based.[48] [49] ,
According to Al-Minbar's introduction page, Al-Ghazzaawi created the website in an attempt to "provide
[Imams] with the educational support they need, similar to the support other professionals have in their
fields." Al-Ghazzaawi considered the Internet a perfect vehicle for accomplishing his objective, and
despite facing a level of resistance from Imams who proclaimed that they "do not even have computers let
alone internet access," the site was formed.
The website, which contains "thousands of written and audio khutbas [i.e. sermons]," was initially staffed
by a team of "three sincere brothers" and has since grown to require a staff of "fifteen professional
brothers." Al-Minbar apparently receives, or at least seeks to receive, funding from "prosperous Muslims,"
as in the site's introduction, Al-Ghazzaawi mentioned the difficulty of soliciting Muslims who were
accustomed to donating to "traditional forms of charitable projects such as building Masjids or schools."
Al-Minbar states that the website is visited by "about three thousand Imams on [a] weekly basis,"
representing "sixty two countries and territories."
The following are listed as Al-Minbar.com's "education" staff:
"The site is being supervised by a distinguished team of students of knowledge. They are graduates of
Islamic universities and Institutes of Hadeeth from Saudi Arabia, and specialized in different fields of
knowledge. The following is a summarised introduction to the educational team."
· Dr. Munqith Saqqaar, Monotheism (Tawheed), Ummul-Quraa University.
· Mustafaa Aitiem, College of Hadeeth, University of Medinah.
· Adnan Siamie, Hadeeth, Daarul-Hadeeth.
· Adnan Safa Khan, Hadeeth, Daarul-Hadeeth.
· Abdur Rahmaan Qaaid, Hadeeth, Daarul-Hadeeth.
· Zahir Balfaqieh, The Advanced Academy For Imams and Du'aat.
· Abdul Khaaliq Juma'aan, The Advanced Academy For Imams and Du'aat.
· Tariq al-Wahidie, Islamic University of Madinah.
Notes
All links provided were accurate at the time of publishing but may no longer be so.
[1] Some sermons are undated. There may be also be slight inaccuracies in the dates given, due to conversion from the Muslim
to the Gregorian calendar.
[2] An umbrella term for the ideologies and actions of infidels.
[3] According to Muslim belief, Allah delivered Jesus from crucifixion at the last minute.
[4] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1455, September 13, 1997.
[5] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1220.
[6] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4141, May 11, 2001.
[7] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4142.
[8] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4142.
[9] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=2761, September 2, 2000.
[10] A poll tax levied on non-Muslims under Islamic rule.
[11] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4068.
[12] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=5942 , February 1, 2002.
[13] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4450 , August 3, 2001.
[14] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=5979, February 22, 2002.
15
[15] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4341.
[16] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4954, April 27, 2001.
[17] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3246
[18] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=2188, July 10, 1998.
[19] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=6071, April 12, 2002.
[20] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=920.
[21] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4331.
[22] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?media*URL=1810.
[23] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.qasp?mediaURL=6086, April 19, 2002.
[24] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=2773, April 21, 1995.
[25] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3174.
[26] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1370. February 13, 1986.
[27] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3047. October 7, 2000.
[28] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4367. October 22, 2000.
[29] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3094.
[30] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3095.
[31] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3095.
[32] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=5948.
[33] Wajdi Al-Ghazzaawi is also the editor of the website Al-Minbar.
[34] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=5628, October 6, 2001.
[35] Undated. http://www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1216.
[36] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=3095.
[37] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=6057, March 22, 2002.
[38] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=5949.
[39] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1845, February 12, 1999.
[40] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1620, June 5, 1999.
[41] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1628, May 22, 1999.
[42] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=2699, June 13, 1998.
[43] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4096.
[44] Undated. www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1069.
[45] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=1633, May 1, 1999
[46] www.alminbar.cc/alkhutab/khutbaa.asp?mediaURL=4461, September 4, 1999.
[47] Al-Minbar maintains three web addresses: www.alminbar.com, www.alminbar.net, www.alminbar.cc.
[48] http://www.alminbar.com/aboutus.asp.
[49] http://www.alminbar.com/intro.asp.
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